=====AY2-1E "Panthera Tigris"Basic information
Designation: Pz.Kpf.W AY2-1E
Name: Panthera Tigris
Role (within the Anago-Yohannesian Army): Main Battle Tank
Crew: 3 (commander, driver, and gunner)
Manufacturer: VMK AG - Land Defence Systems
Place of origin: Anagonia-YohannesDimensions
Length (including muzzle extending forward): 10.9 m
Height (including roof of the turret): 2.57 m
Width (maximum): 3.81 m
Track Width: 701 mm
Weight: 76.9 tonnes
Ground clearance: variablePerformance
Maximum (road) Speed: 84 km/h
Cross Country Speed: 63 km/h
Speed, 10% Slope: 25 km/h
Speed, 60% slope: 17 km/h
Acceleration (0 to 32 km/h): 4.7 seconds
Range: 631 km
Range with extra fuel: 874 km
Operational Cruising Range: 547 kmManoeuvrability
Trench Crossing: 309 cm
Vertical Obstacle: 113.8 cm
Fording without Preparation: 124 cm
Fording with Preparation: 201.3 cm
Deep Fording: Not capable of
Suspension: VLT HPVS-MBT active hydropneumatic systemArmament
Primary : AY4M 140/L50 ETC smoothbore gun
Ammunition : 45 (APFSDS-T, HEAT, MPC)
Traversing : 360 º
Elevation : -10 to 20 º
Maximum Elevation Slew Rate : 10 to 15 º/s
Secondary : Coaxial 30mm AY1A automatic cannon (600 rounds), 1 x 7.62mm AY02-MG (2,400 rounds), 6 x LA-420A1 Havik II BLATGM, 2 x 4 FGLPower
Engine : 1750 kW (2350HP) Forza Flat-Boxer-12 cylinders, Turbocharger, Supercharger, Diesel Cylinder Boxer Twincharged (Supercharger + Twin Turbocharger)
Fuel consumption: 2.1 L/km
Transmission : Forza 8GDCT Automated Double Clutch Transmission, (8 forward 4 reverse)
Power-to-Weight Ratio : 22.7 kW/t (30.56 hp/t)Armour and Protection
Armour : Adversus AY2-1E Modified
Protection : AY09 AFEDSS, AYHK9 ADS, and AY109 NBC/CBRN (NBCS) System of ProtectionDevelopment:
The AY2-1E Panthera Tigris is the latest variant of the AY2 series, and is a state-of-the-art Anago-Yohannesian main battle tank.
The Anago-Yohannesian AY2 series of armoured fighting vehicle model was conceptualised to provide a mobile power projectile platform with operational ease of logistics and technical modularity in mind. During the development and initial project phase of the previous AY1 series, debates were on-going within the VMK Board of Committee's inner council chamber regarding the persistent operational problems and logistical issue which can be found upon the AY1's prototype and initial first assembly line of production. It was during its inception that a major error was made regarding the incorporation of a six cylinder engine as the AY1's system of propulsion, and following mobile field testing conducted at the Valedonia experimental and proving range, the aforementioned prototype could not withstand the internal pressure and technical problems resulting from the weight of its base chassis design, in conjunction with the incorporation of the AY1M 140/L48 gun and its intended electronics and networking systems.
The base of the AY1's chassis itself was inflexible, and was not designated with a continually-updated mobile platform capability in mind, and while the incorporation of a new Forza FB-12TSD as its primary propulsion system did reduce the rate of the AY1's operational testing problems substantially, a persistent nature was still there to observe and look disconcertingly upon, by the VMK Board of Committee and in finality, that of the Anago-Yohannesian imperial and royal acquisition and development board. These reasons were included as the primary explanation behind the eventual development of the AY2 series as a way to fill the much needed easing of logistical operational, and a more flexible land system emphasising both the factor of mobility and tactical operational breakthrough potential.
Nevertheless, the presence of the ever increasing effectiveness of inter-branch support role, or more commonly known as joint-support service role within most of (although perhaps some still not) today's armed forces internationally, has rendered even more the apparent vulnerability and invalidity of the hastily designed AY1, which was known for its unreliability to act as both a power projectile mean of tactical breakthrough within one's engagement, and at the same time as an effective mean of exploiting the aforementioned tactical initiative itself, namely to exploit and seize the role of an operational mobility battle system.
Whilst the AY1 Serenity was able to more than adequately fill the role of a power project mean of creating the aforementioned breakthrough, however it was lacking severely in mobility, and therefore the development of an accompanying main battle tank system to act as a mobile support force, and perhaps if it need be, the replacement of direct power projectile means within its immediate operational field tactically, was regarded as a must.An initial trial experiment of the AY4M gun mounted on an armoured-stripped prototype of the AY2 being conducted within the Valedonian firing range.
Lessons learnt from the utilisation of the AY1 series in combat during the War of the Four Emperors has provided the technological information essentially needed by the VMK Development and Technological Research Bureau, and as a result the AY2 came into existence. Base-weighting much less and with emphasis being put within its eventual possibility of future upgrade and expansion of electronics and mobility development, the AY2 was thus conceptualised with 1B designated to symbolise its first variant type to enter production, and service within the Anago-Yohannesian K.u.K.Armee. The development of the AY2 was initiated with chassis flexibility and the possibility of future variants' ease of modification being put in mind within its design, unlike that of its counterpart, the AY1.
The AY2 chassis, unlike that of the AY1's, was structurally developed to eventually incorporate the original Serenity 140mm gun from the outset of its development, and not the other way around. Following the discovery of an enhancement modification upon the original AY1M ETC gun, which resulted in a gun with a higher muzzle velocities capability whilst maintaning a considerably lighter weight than its AY1M counterpart, the VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research was able to substantially reduce the drastic upscale change of weight, together with that of a structurally improved rear barlolel turret setting of the original AY2-1B variant, of the vehicle. The utilisation of the proven Lamonian Adversus armour further considerably lower the weight potential of the upscaled main battle tank to that of an acceptable level of weight considering its improved lethality on the battlefield.
The previous AY2-1B and AY2-1D variant of the Anago-Yohannesian AY2 series was deemed a success, and over 480,000 AY2 in approximation has been produced and exported overseas up to this date, with various states adopting it as their chosen main battle tank.
VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research therefore, were researching the plausibility of further maximising the potential of the AY2 chassis, and yet another new variant, the AY2-1E was conceptualised as a result of this development. Unlike that of the AY2-1D however, the very purpose of the AY2-1's role within the field of Anago-Yohannesian battlefield and chosen doctrinal contribution would be different. Furthermore, the AY2-1E was developed to combat the possibility of any future Anago-Yohannesian enemy utilising its own domestically manufactured AY2 series of tanks against its own developer nation, which would be to say the least, tragic. The AY2-1E was therefore, developed to be tactically superior to any previous AY2 variants (or AY1 for that matter).
The AY2-1E was conceptualised to act as a tactical defensive block, sacrificing mobility and vehicular weight as the Bureau realised that within the vast Anago-Yohannesian terrain, which mostly consist of flat agricultural plain, logistics would not be a technical problem persisting so long as Anago-Yohannesian air presence would be maintained throughout the defence of the mainland. The AY2-1E was therefore developed as the latest variant of the AY2 series of tanks, not for its role as an army's mainstay of armoured fighting vehicle unit, but as an Anago-Yohannesian effort of providing a more compact tactical assault and a defensive mobile force within its mainland's unique terrain, that of clear rolling plain suitable for strategic mobile operation.
A new and improved fire control networking and electronics of the proven AYTRACK and soft-hardkill countermeasure systems has furthermore been added. The AY2-1E also utilises the latest development of the previous AYM series of gun, that of the AY4M, and the internationally renowned LA-420A1 Havik II BLATGM, with the ability to destroy opposing tanks up to eighteen kilometres in range, to further maximise the state of the art main battle tank's lethality on the battlefield.Primary armament:
The designated primary gun of the AY2-1E is the AY4M 140mm, 50 calibre electrothermal-chemical (ETC) smoothbore gun, an improved and upgraded version of the previous AY1M.
During the past five years, the VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research has discovered in parts, consecutively and continuously developed locally within the Empire of Anagonia-Yohannes, in which Anago-Yohannesian procurement scientists has intermingled with each other to, in consensus, act as a catalyst towards Anagonia-Yohannes's technological development in terms of effectiveness and ease of knowledge collection and distribution.
It was by this process that consecutively and slowly but surely the VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research has discovered a process in which a substantial increasing and higher rate of a projectile's muzzle velocity can be initiated by combining the initiation of both electro-thermal energy and liquid propellant. The VMK Bureau has also realised that the aforementioned initiation would result not just in a controlled increase of the projectile's muzzle velocity, but also the maintenance of a maximum safetiness of gas pressure within the barlolel of the planned M series of AY smoothbore gun.
When combined with precision in a careful manner, the application of an electro-thermal chemical technology, or abbreviated as the ETC technology, will result in a situation whereby both the disadvantages and negative side-effect of a separate utilisation of the aforementioned technology in a gun would be negated.
Historically an armoured fighting vehicle's gun has applied the usage of an extended barlolel platform, with its breech end and centre bore structurally being put closed together. A burning of propellant by an igniter is needed to produce heated gasses, which act as a catalyst for the gun's projectile to progress through the bore, and as a result of this process, a substantial rate of initial high pressure would be generated.
Nevertheless, its initial high pressure rate will then decrease alongside the movement of the projectile within the barlolel of the gun. Although maintenance of high pressure rate as the projectile is being propelled can be achieved by the utilisation of a liquid fuelling process, the crucial application of a substantial size of fuel chamber and process of the aforementioned fuelling ignition however, meant that such a utilisation would be impractical.
Meanwhile, the utilisation of a chemical propellant system within the future AYM gun series would be regarded as equally, if not even more so, more defective. The mixing and utilisation of two chemicals were difficult to control and predict, and as a result the risk factor involved within such a process has made the VMK AG Bureau of Development and Technological Research team to twice considered upon the application of the aforementioned technology within the AYM series of gun, and it was not even counting the unjustifiable extra expenses incurred upon by such a complex system of sealing and calculation technology.
The application of an electric energy propulsive system as the chosen propulsive system of the AYM series of armoured fighting vehicle gun however, was unfavourably viewed with scepticism within the Bureau's inner circle, most apparent within the clique' of the VMK Procurement Team. Such scepticism has resulted from the VMK PT's reasoning in which the resulting system of the aforementioned system would result in a sizably uneconomical end result in terms of weight and features, as a result of the requirement of a large electronic source which would act as the main power supply needed
And therefore the development of an electrothermal-chemical technology to increase the AYM gun's accuracy and muzzle velocity whilst negating the aforementioned defect features of both the propulsive systems, was regarded as the VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research Team's number one top priority within the development of the AY series of main battle tanks (which was initiated and successfully accomplished in the form of the AY1M 140mm gun used by the AY1 Serenity).
Following its successful application within the AY1 series of main battle tanks' 140mm gun, the VMK BDTR has decided to replicate the aforementioned system of projector propusion towards the new AY4M 140mm 50 calibre smoothbore gun of the AY2-1E.
A modified version of the AY1M 140mm electro-thermal chemical smoothbore gun used on AY1 Serenity series, the AY2-1E's AY4M 140mm 50 calibre's performance was increased substantially as a result of its modified utilisation of an electro-thermal chemical propulsive technology, and a heavier recoil energy absorption is utilised to accommodate the higher power of the gun's rounds. The fusion of electro-thermal and chemical propellant energy has resulted in a higher density of energy towards the AY4M 140mm 50 calibre smoothbore gun. Adding to that, an identical electrical supply charged propellant system, minus its previous drawback if applied without the utilisation of chemical propellant functionality, and a relatively lower weight is also present, obvious as it was to the VMK BDTR team.
The VMK BDTR team furthermore has acknowledged the advantageous result of the initiation of higher density chemical propellants within the forthcoming AYM gun. Such an initiation will result in a process whereby the said propellant system would require less source of electric energy, and following field testing within the Valedonian range was discovered to be relatively superior to that of a solidly granulated propellant which can be found in most (although the trend has since altered slowly) conventional armoured fighting vehicle guns.
Field testing and experimentation has seen the substantial increase of performance an electro-thermal chemical application has brought to the AY4M smoothbore gun, as the result of a higher level of energy density reached by utilisation of both an electro-thermal and chemical energy combination. Under auspices of Dr. Harvey Proctor, the VMK Bureau of Development and Technology Research has discovered that a further increasing of the propellant by exploiting the arrangement of the gun's chemical substance can be achieved by applying the electrical application carefully in balance with that of its chemical counterpart, and thereby optimising the aforementioned process.
As an addition, the AY4M has the ability to substantially maintain a higher projectile velocity rate, whilst maintaining a comparatively lower chamber and breech pressure rate, by ejecting a substantial amount of electrical output from the plasma's vessel branches than most of other guns. A fuse wire will then be diffused to establish a high rate of temperature, ideally in-between the 12,000-19,000 K range. The diffused plasma will then act as a source of ionised gas which will further diffused and act as a crucial catalyst for the fuel's combination with its oxidising material.
As a result, a continuous power supply will be maintained, which will then further control the fuel and oxidising material's combustion rate. The energy released as a result of the aforementioned process will then act as further pressure towards the projectile, which will ensure the projectile's constant nature as it travel along the gun barlolel's length, thereby maintaining the projectile's relatively high velocity rate whilst maintaining a comparatively low chamber and breech pressure rate.
For the AY4M gun to be deemed as effectively lethal as possible, an ideal level of a kinetic energy can be achieved by controlling the gun's maximum pressure. The VMK BDTR team initiated the process by considerably decreasing the AY4M's propellant burning, which was accomplished in practicality within the Valedonian range by altering the arrangement of the gun's electrical and propellant systems to limit the gun's pressure rate.
The AY4M's propellant system, unlike that of other electro-thermal chemical guns, maintain a higher density rate, and is deemed to be sufficiently capable of penetrating any modern threat that it might face on the battlefield, by virtue of its striking lethality. This accomplishment is achieved by utilising its unique energetic-liquid dispersion method. Between each phases, the aforementioned propellant's burning method is controlled by an interfacial induction area. Cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine or shortened simply as HMX, will then be dissolved within the homogeneous ethylenediamine dinitrate. Although the possibility of other arrangement was deemed as possible, the VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research Team have decided that the present arrangement would be chosen over other possible alternative.Initial electro-thermal chemical application.
By approximation, 55% energetic solid is dispersed with 42% of its weight, thus preventing any possibility of less propellant burning control and intensity resulting from the lack of a sufficient energetic solid presence. A low percentage of nitrate-ester is also utilised as a solid stabilising presence towards the AY4M's propellants, to further increase ease of practicality initiation of the energetic-liquid dispersion method. Further controlled burning rate is also provided by the utilisation of approximately 0.47% carbon-black, and with that the dispersed solid will then be consolidated with the application of guar gum, as a simple mean to strengthen the dispersed solid's settling.
This existing interaction between the system's propellants and electrical discharges was designated to be kept at all cost. Such a measure would result in the maintenance of a considerably higher pressure level as the gun's projectile accelerates and progress. The result is a gun with an upgraded all-around lethality than the older AY1M, with a substantially higher muzzle velocities capability and the ability to substantially hold larger anti-tank projectiles and project its firepower at a substantially longer range. The AY1M upgraded AY4M 140mm 50 calibre electro-thermal chemical smoothbore gun has considerably increased the AY2-1E field of firepower, lethality, and range, over that of the previous AY1.
The AY4M gun uses a variety of rounds, such as that of the Anago-Yohannesian AY-18 APFSDS-T (anti-tank round armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot), AY-33A ATGM (anti-tank guided missile), and the AY-03D HEAT (high explosive anti-tank) rounds, and the gun is fitted with a rigid fibre glass thermal sleeve blanket around its barlolel to protect the gun thermally from operational on-and-off active battlefield environmental conditions. Developed by the VMK AG Bureau of Development and Research during the late developmental phase of the previous AY1M gun for the AY1 Serenity series, it utilised the then discovery of a ring-shaped gap found between the AY2M's barlolel and that of the sleeve, and consists of sandwiched honeycomb layers of materials in-between that of the stiff and unyielding inner and outer envelopment.
Fed by a modified version of the previous XA1Y-E1, the AYM series of gun's development has given increased emphasis' to the development of an upgraded automatic loading system as the size and weight of the AY4M's ammunition has revealed a condition whereby a man cannot effectively handle it operationally within the confines of the AY2-1E turret. As a result of commonality factor, the VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research has decided to adopt the AY2's automatic loading system modified form within the AY2-1E, the XA1Y-E2.
The recent establishment of the ever increasing number of large weapon has seen the development and initiation of various gun automatic loading systems worldwide, as arms manufacturing entities strived to establish its own autoloading systems. Most apparently needed in a setting whereby a large field gun is fielded upon an armoured fighting vehicle, and especially that of tanks such as the AY2-1E, the VMK Bureau of Design and Technological Research has proceeded to develop its own automatic gun loading system, to be used as the automatic feeding system of the AY4M.
Observed by the VMK AG BDTR team upon the development of an automatic loading system towards the AY4M's gun of the AY2-1E would be the fact that such an initiation would considerably increased the AY4M's rate of fire, save substantial crew manpower by the removal of the gun loading personnel, and consequently providing more space within the main battle tank as well at the same time. Observation of various prior autoloaders has seen the technical complexities of maintaining such a system within its corresponding armoured fighting vehicle's operational field. The XA1Y-E2, as the E1, was therefore conceptualised with a different technicality in mind.
The XA1Y-E2's ability to load the AY2M effectively under almost any azimuth and elevation co-ordination within its limit has resulted in a substantial increase of its firing rate, and the XA1Y-E2's systematic structure enable the retrieval of a previous gun breech loaded shells from the magazine effortlessly, consequently allowing the transfer of shells within the gun from the magazine in a more flexible and reduced rate of pace. Thus, the XA1Y-E2 has relatively small power requirements in comparison to a normal autoloader, and this feet was achieved without effecting the autoloader's rate of firepower potential.
This was done by including a trolley mounted by a pair of opposing guidance tracks for the controlling of its movement between a magazine position whereabouts the shell will be retrieved from the storage of the magazine within the revolving turret's basket, and the emplacement of a position of gun loading arrangement in which the shells will then be rammed upon the turret mounted gun's breech. The tracks utilised for guidance will then set it to move in conjunction with the gun's azimuth and elevation co-ordination.
The trolley will then initiate forward an electric motor to be used as the appropriate propulsion mean along the aforementioned guidance track, and will then carry it towards a two stage rammer, which consequently result in the deliverance of its propulsive electric motor. The motor is then activated to propel the trolley and shell, which was acquired from the gun's magazine, and was activated by the rammer's motor. The trolley's motor will then propel the trolley and extract the shell towards the pod of the AY4M gun.
As it approaches the interior pod of the AY4M and its ready loading position, a controlled pivotal movement will then be produced by a cam roller, which will then be jointed together with the AY4M's pod, thereby resulting in a fastening between the rammer and the AY4M's shell, aligned with its boreline. Once the ramming position has been initiated completely, the rammer's motor will then activate the stages of the two rammer in quick succession to propel the aforementioned shell towards the breech of the AY4M. Once the XA1Y-E2 autoloader has assumed its fixed position with the AY4M's magazine, the gun's detachable pod will then be removed systematically to provide sufficient space for the AY4M's recoilling process
The XA1Y-E2 automatic gun loading system has the ability to maintain an accurate control on each of the AY4M's shell on various rough terrains in general, and is manufactured to be sufficiently compact in-feature within an ergonomically space saving structural design, and by utilising the gunner's gyro-stabilised panoramic sight, the AY2-1E's crew is capable of collecting on-board hit avoidance and target acquisition sensors, which are mounted on the surrounding left and right frontal side of the AY2-1E turret, and the XA1Y-E2 AY1-D'structural-based and adapted automatic loading system is capable of handling and firing up to 15 rounds of AY4M ammunitions per minute. It then can internally be replenished from within the turret or externally through the rear.
The addition of an AY4M's supporting burst diaphragm further ensures that when an ignition of the ammunition as a result of a penetration towards the automatic loader and magazine happens, the forthcoming centre pressure of the blast would be vented upwards, consequently altering it away from the AY2-1E's crew compartment, and the gun is capable of power elevating from 20º to -10º.Additional armaments:
Additionally, the AY2-1E comes with a co-axial 30mm AY1A autocannon (600 rounds), one 7.62mm AY02-MG (2,400 rounds), six LA-420A1 Havik II BLATGM turret mounted and designated in two box, and eight multipurpose smoke-capable, fragmentary firing grenade launchers on both the surrounding left and right side of the turret with a capability to engage opposing infantries and support personnel within the vicinity of the AY2.
The co-axial 30mm AY1A automatic cannon holds six hundred rounds, which is fully capable of providing a considerable direct vehicular support role against enemy infantries and light vehicles, in the case of an unpredicted close-in firing situation.
The AY1A is an Anago-Yohannesian rapid firing automatic cannon utilising the application of telescoped cylindrical round. It utilise the use of projectile feeding and fired projectile casing ejection ports, arranged axially from one another in its receiver, with the projectile firing position in between both the aforementioned ports. The end of the AY1A barlolel is mounted to the receiver, and is aligned forward in relation to the projectile firing position.
The separate structural platform of the AY1A has enhanced the AY2-1E's secondary capabilities, and is seen as a major step up over that of the previous AY1 series. The AY1A is capable of elevating up to 45 degrees to engage any close-ground air support presence within its vicinity, and its utilisation enable the vehicle's gunner to utilise a range of close-in light support intensive rounds such as that of armour piercing incendiaries, thereby further increasing the AY1-1E's lethality within its immediate field of operation.
The addition of the RWS 7.62mm AY02-MG which holds two thousand and four hundred rounds, divided by two equal stock accommodations, are designated to occupy that of another additional secondary close-range field of protection towards the flank and rear vehicular side of the AY2-1E.
The eight smoke-firing and laser detection countermeasure aerosol capable general purpose grenades' conceptualisation was a result of the VMK Bureau's additional requirement of an additional armaments allocation and all-around camouflage protection intensive battle systems to further reinforce its corresponding armoured fighting vehicle's safetiness within its field of engagement, in this case being that of the AY2-1E.
The AY2-1E utilise the Anago-Yohannesian procurement of an invisible-purposed, fast burning and slow burning charged smoke shell to cover the vehicle's presence from hostile fire when deemed as needed necessarily. As do of most existing smoke grenade's usage, the associated armoured fighting vehicle will then be protected by a partial smoke screen envelopment in-between the associated vehicle itself, and that of the opposing entity's line of fire.
By utilising the rapid establishment of the surrounding thick wall of smoke layers, vehicle's three crews would be able to establish a fairly effective means of secondary prevention and camouflage method against the enemy's general abilities to project any of its available power projectile threats against the main battle tank, and to further maintain the smoke layers' length of time considerably in durational terms.
The process was done by utilising two smoke emitting, partial charging, differing reactionary and emitting rate, smoke shells. The VMK Bureau of Procurement and Development discovered that the condition in which a longer duration of length the discharged smoke would engulfed and therefore, screened its corresponding armoured fighting vehicle, would be achieved by expelling whilst burst charging the aforementioned smoke shell simultaneously. The result is an approximate slow burning time of 200 seconds after firing.
The AY2-1E also utilise the internationally renowned Lamonian LA-420A1 Havik II ATGM in the form of two box-launched anti tank guided missiles on the surrounding left and right side of its turret, with each box holding three LA-420A1 Havik II, for a total of six.
With the need for a tank launched anti tank guided missile becoming apparent to LAIX Arms, it was decided to use the Joint Common Missile's body as the basis of the Havik; as it was called, due to the simple design of the missile. Where the original JCM was designed to be launched from helicopters and aircraft; the Havik would be launched from main battle tanks first, with later possible modification to allow it be launched from helicopters and aircraft.LA-420A1 Havik II Box launched ATGM fired from an AY2-1E.
After competing with the Helios II ATGM for supremacy in the international market, the Havik had done relatively well for itself; being considered a commercial success by LAIX Arms. Still, the missile had the potential to become even greater, and it had also only been regarded as more of a stop-gap measure before a newer, better missile would take it's place. This improved missile would become the LA-420A1 Havik II.
The Havik II retains many features that made the Havik such a success, including the general dimensions, while introducing some new features that will help the Havik II compete well into the future.
Guidance for the Havik II is provided by a tri-seeker warhead, combining MMW, IIR, and SALH homing. This is combined with an INS/GPS system, allowing the missile to attain a hit ratio of 95%. In areas where enemy ECM is encountered, the system can also use a fiber-optic connection to the launching mechanism (available in both air and box launched versions). This connection to the launching mechanism is impossible to jam, and will allow the missile to strike the target, with enemy ECM becoming effectively useless.
The Havik II is a top-attack missile, allowing it to strike the weakest part of enemy armor formations. The Havik II is meant to attack AFVs, MBTs, and low flying helicopters. However, the missile will simply fly directly toward enemy helicopters when fired in anti-helicopter mode. This helps to increase accuracy against helicopter targets. With a penetration rating of 1,400 mm IRHAe, it will severely damage enemy armor, likely resulting in a kill.
With a maximum range of 18 km (ground launched), and 28 km (air launched), the Havik II can not only be fired from a longer distance than the Helios II, but can also be fired without revealing the location of the firing unit to the enemy. All that the missile needs is the location of the enemy (provided that the enemy units are within range), and it's good to go. The Havik II can also re-attack a target, in case it were to miss, provided that there is enough range left in the missile to allow this. The top speed of Mach 2 was designed to give the enemy little to no time to react, as well as increasing the probability of a kill.
The Havik II retains an active radar jammer, allowing it to bypass the MMW and radar frequencies commonly used in Active Protection Systems. While the Havik used a jammer from Krupp Industries in The Peoples Freedom, the Havik II uses a domestic model, which is smaller, while giving the same performance as the model from Krupp Industries. In addition, the electronics in the Havik II use Gallium Arsenide in place of Silicone, allowing the missiles to survive EMP in good working order. The use of Gallium Arsenide makes the missile more expensive, but the resistance to EMP was judged to be worth the extra cost.
- Length: 2 m
- Diameter: 178 mm
- Weight: 65 kg
- Warhead: Tandem, EFP/Shaped Charge
- Warhead Weight/composition: 20 kg, PBXN 103
- Range: 18 km
- Speed: Mach 2
- Detonation Mechanism: Laser Fuse
- Engine: Solid Fuel, "Low Smoke" Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant ramjet; with launch booster
- Wingspan: 325 mm
- Guidance: 94 GHz Millimeter wave active radar homing, imaging infrared, and semi-active laser seeker, with INS/GPS. Fiber-optics-capable to intercept opposing ECM
- Targets: armoured fighting vehicles, main battle tanks (or any other opposing tanks), low flying helicopters
- Launch systems: main battle tank box launch
- Penetration: ~1,400 mm IRHAe
Where the original Havik was only able to be fired from box launchers mounted on the side of the host MBT's turret, the Havik II can be fired via several different methods. These include:
- Fixed Wing Aircraft
- Box launchers (AFVs and MBTs)
The Havik II is considered to be too heavy for man-portable use, owing to it's total weight of 65 kg. However, the Havik II can still replace multiple missiles with one proven missile system, saving time and money.
The first stage of the tandem warhead creates an Explosively Formed Penetrator. This EFP moves at high speed, and is able to trigger any Explosive Reactive Armor that the target might have. The secondary shaped charge is where the bulk of the armor penetration occurs, and gives the Havik II it's penetration rating of 1,400 mm of IRHAe. A laser fuse tells the weapon when to detonate.
The Havik II is powered by a ramjet, allowing the missile a maximum speed of Mach 2. The ramjet's fuel contains 78% Ammonium Perchlorate, 20% Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene, and 2% Aluminum. This is a "low-smoke" mixture, making it harder for the enemy to trace the firing location of the Havik II via the smoke trail, and does not degrade ramjet performance. At launch, the Havik II is propelled by a low smoke APCP-fueled launch booster, bringing the missile to speed, thus allowing the ramjet to take over for the rest of the flight.
Taken in combination, these features allow the Havik II to outperform the Helios II, and its spectacular ability to easily destroy opposing armoured fighting vehicles at a range of up to eighteen kilometres has drastically increase and maximise the lethality of the AY2-1E.Fire control and networking:
As in the case of commonality most associated with the Anago-Yohannesian Imperial & Royal Army, the exact characteristic can be found upon the upgraded AY2-1E variant of the AY2 series.
The AY2 and its variants' fire control system is that of the Anago-Yohannesian AYTRACK advanced fire control system, following the Anago-Yohannesian VMK Bureau of Procurement and Development's tradition, and is all its application an equal of the heavier AY1 'Serenity' model's AYTRACK fire control system and electronics. AYTRACK as its associated networking and sensory system was conceptualised and developed by the VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research Committee to provide state-of-the-art Anago-Yohannesian armoured fighting vehicle with the ability to engage hostile mobile targets on the move flawlessly, and thereby increasing its power projectile accuracy and capacity's scope of operational effectiveness and capability within the immediate field of tactical surrounding.
With the seemingly unending and ever increasing cold hostility between the multiple present major powers internationally, military development and advancement of research, that within the field of armoured warfare included, has progressed by leap and bound. With the successful development of various multi-day and night twenty-four hour laser ranging sights and the existence of accurate digital tracking target acquisition computer electronics being regarded upon as the future edge over that of raw firepower and armour of an armoured fighting vehicle alone.
The VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research has noted that the development of these computerised systems has reached a level whereby its digital processing capacities were able to accurately track its target on the field of battle, day and night and under some of the most undesirable mobile vibration and situational environmental conditions, to be worrying.
And therefore the development of a remotely controlled weaponry networking systems ignoring all its necessary developmental characteristics cost was initiated with great haste, as the VMK Bureau of Procurement and Technology Research has realised that the Empire of Anagonia-Yohannes was well behind in terms of its domestic military development to that of other major powers within its rank, categorically regarded as it was as a financial and monetary exchange country, or more simply as an economic powerhouse only, and not a military powerhouse. The AYTRACK was therefore, developed as a direct result of these developments in its developers' mind.
At the most basic level, AYTRACK features electro-optical techniques and electronics which enable the vehicle's gunner to considerably increase the gun's first-strike hit capability in terms of its probability, by measuring automatic error input and replace the value with a post-entered correctional azimuth and elevation signals. These factors will then be recorded into the computer to calculate elevation and lateral co-ordinate position of the gun, which will then automatically invalidate the previously programmed value, drastically increasing the gunner's first hit probability upon the target.
Further to increase the AY2-1E's lethality, AYTRACK incorporate a two-axis integral laser range-finder line of stabilised gunner sight, together with a missile guidance information processing capacity and a compensatory automatic drift device. Its gun sight features the application of an Anago-Yohannesian XD1-04 computerised controlled targeting mark, or more specifically a range marking, graticule-calibrated application within its sub-systems, with the capability to point its associated gun's specific form of ammunitions, in conjunction to the axis of the corresponding armoured fighting vehicle's gun barlolel specification.
The VMK AG Bureau of Development and Technological Research however identified a certain flaws within the aforementioned system, in which the condition of a constant parameter value could not be achieved in some cases, despite multiple-fix error re-programming, and the revelation that upon the conclusion of a successful target hit, a departure from the aforementioned graticule marking range would be needed in regard to the amount of cumulative variation input identified within the system's parameter.
However, recent development has made the discovery whereby the situation in which a range of standard ballistic value, complete with the gun's elevation rate and a computerised arrangement of correlation in regard to the range between the corresponding armoured fighting vehicle to its target possible, consequently propelling the VMK Bureau of Development and Technological Research to develop these additional features towards AYTRACK to further increase its lethality and countermeasure these previous disturbing setbacks.
With the ability to utilise an improved graticulated sight, the VMK Bureau of Research and Technological Development team had decided to initiate the programming of an enhanced computer system which will effectively arrange and provide the appropriate range of ballistic effectiveness value to further provide the AYTRACK corresponding armoured fighting vehicle's crews with the ability to calculate the right specification of the corresponding gun elevation exaction, which would be most effectively be initiated upon by the appropriate circumstance's choice of ammunition range involved regarding the differing situation within the immediate field of operational range.
The crews will now be able to pre-programme the computer to change the exact type of ammunition needed for the right circumstance, and pending the relatively correct input given in regard to the condition only however, in which the parameter of the gun's atmosphere and barlolel are at the right set value, the AYTRACK will then be able to automatically provide an accurate target hit value in exaction..
The fire control system's field of view consists of a kinetic energy stadiametric ranging scale, fragmentary high explosive and chemical energy ammunition information and statistics input, designated as it was as an effective Anago-Yohannesian secondary range finding method in case of an unexpected emergency. The system unable the gunner of its corresponding armoured fighting vehicle to accurately and smoothly track and verified its target within its scope of operational range tactically. Further aiding AYTRACK is the X1A-AY GPS sub-system.Field testing computerised simulation of the initial line of sight.
The Anago-Yohannesian X1A-AY GPS (global positioning system) system of navigation is included to calculate and determine the armoured fighting vehicle's gun barlolel position, and it collected its informational input and surrounding visible surface and statistical data within a state-of-the-art light modulating LCD (liquid crystal display) screen.
The X1A-AY is able to give the AYTRACK's corresponding armoured fighting vehicle the ability to observe its immediate surrounding operational condition tactically, and to present a rough and general outline of the vehicle's environmental and physical surrounding. Vehicular radio data furthermore link the corresponding vehicle to the AYTRACK immediate fire control command, which will allow the aforementioned vehicle to initiate its operation upon independent fire-strike missions rapidly once the system has delivered the collected position data of the target. The X1A-AY GPS sub-system further serve to reduce the chance of friendly formational casualties by utilising an Anago-Yohannesian X10-A BCIS (battlefield combat identification system).
Once the target within the input of the main AYTRACK screen is located within an ideal, if not suitable range of interception, the gunner will then be able to fire the gun by pressing a launch section located within the computerised LCD screen.
The development of the AYTRACK fire control system has considerably altered the main disadvantage of the previous heavier AY1 'Serenity''s initial prototype model upon production, which utilised a more basic fire control computing programme, and AYTRACK further enhanced the effectiveness of the AY2.
The gun sight of the AYTRACK fire control system is also locked in conjunction with its telescopic axis sight, providing a parallel combined gun system, with one set of azimuthally drives and set of elevation, and another set of azimuthally sensors and elevation rate, assisted by the utilisation of a gyroscope gun stabilisation system which further enhanced the associated system's elevation and lateral sensor capability, and in finality, considerably altered the capability of the system to control its corresponding armoured fighting vehicle's gun line of sight.
The AYTRACK fire control system features a gunner's operated thermal imaging sight as well as a commander's active control and monitor panel, allowing both of the commander and gunner to retroactively detect, engage, and verified targets at long range, with a high rate of accuracy, and under some of the most unfavourable weather conditions within the battlefield and tactical scope of operation.
AYTRACK in general is divided by two stages in which the commander can select either a low-resolution imagery to identify minor threat, to be followed if necessary by an infra-red, high resolution and radar integrated imagery to provide a more thorough analysis of the target's position, and range. An AYTRACK sub-system commander-operated anti-aircraft sight allows the commander of the AY2 to subsequently engage air targets by utilising the AY2's AY02-MG from within the safety of its turret.
AYTRACK's internally operated target acquisition networking and management systems, infrared and laser ranging controlled data are initiated by controlling its stabilised networking, gunner-operated device to automatically aim the AY2's main gun towards any visible mobile and stationary target, with a twenty four hour day and night capability coverage, providing an accurate ballistic elevation and azimuth offset field position whilst providing a systematic informational gathering input essential upon the accuracy and capability of an effective modern fire control system.
By utilising the features of a combined sensors sight, in conjunction with its application internally within the AYTRACK computerised fire control system, the AY2 has acquired the ability to effectively countermeasure the ever-growing air threats coming from opposing enemy air support aircraft and ground projectile threat, in finality targeting the aforementioned threat from within its combined sensors sight, and thereby to aim its power projectile capability against the aforementioned threat.
The VMK Bureau of Acquisition and Application Management has recently observed as the availability and discovery of state-of-the-art sensors, combined with a range of previously unavailable micro electronics and computerised development has made the realisation of an advanced multi-threat targeting sight enveloped together within a unitary sensor, possible.
After two years of developmental research and quantum, the VMK Head of Procurement and Development Research, Dr. Siti Subrono has decided that the incoming AY2 project, alongside the heavier AY1, would utilise the aforementioned technology, thereby increasing the armoured fighting vehicle's direct projectile effectiveness and surveillance platform capability against opposing rotorcraft, land-based power projectile threat, and of course, hostile combat personnel.
Utilising the latest AYD0B active ballistic computer, the system features the ability to automatically verified angular crosswind and target speed input, course angle, and target range. AYD0B ABC act as a mean of informational input firing statistics data storing within the AYTRACK, and is mainly processed to approximately determine and track ballistic informational data, in-between that of the already stored information and the main collectible data.
The flexibility of the AYD0B active computer system enable the AY2's personnel to manually utilise the system's ability to track the associated ambient air temperature and barlolel wear air pressure, and the ability to calculate with accuracy the necessary time that high-explosive, fragmentary projectile controlled detonation should be initiated over an identified and verified target.
The AYD0B computerised system detected multiple ballistic ammunition and projectile types, and its categorised informational input includes the verified target's drift signals, flight time, and super-elevation. AYD0B computer system operates by utilising a large collection of several sub-channels which will then transmit the collected operational data through several wires simultaneously, and used together in conjunction with an adjustable first operational amplifier which indicate with striking accuracy and precision the information and range of the tracked and verified target.