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Popular Technology > The Sciences > The Anti "Green" Energy Resource

Posted by: Andrew Apr 15 2009, 08:57 PM (Institute for Energy Research) (PDF) (68pgs) (Institute for Energy Research, 2012)

Crude Oil: (PDF) (API) (PDF) (API)

- EIA estimates that oil production in the Gulf was down 22% in 2011 and projected to be down 30% in 2012 with respect to production forecasts before President Obama’s moratorium policies were put in place.
- Today, leasing and permitting are slow, which could depress future production.
- In the Gulf of Mexico, rigs have left to work in other parts of the world taking jobs with them.
- In Alaska in 2008, the industry spent $2.6 billion to obtain 487 leases in the Chukchi Sea, yet so far the administration has not allowed a single well to be drilled on any of these leases.
- In the Rockies, leasing is down by 68 percent since President Obama took office, and the number of wells drilled is down. (API, September 19, 2007) (Real Clear Markets, May 6, 2010) (Human Events, March 19, 2012) (Video) (5min) (ABC News) (Video) (2min)

- 95% of the world's known oil and gas reserves are controlled by national oil companies (
- There are over 1.3 Trillion barrels of proven oil reserves worldwide (
- Only 16% of U.S. oil imports come from the Middle East (
- Only 40% of U.S. oil imports come from OPEC (
- The largest supplier of oil to the U.S. is Canada (
- The second largest supplier of oil to the U.S. is Mexico (
- Only 0.005% of U.S. domestic oil production is exported (
- 0.9% of the United States electrical generation comes from oil ( (45% Coal, 24% Natural Gas, 20% Nuclear, 6% Hydroelectric, 2% Wind, 0.03% Solar)
- No new refineries have been built in the United States since 1976 (,04011.cfm)
- The U.S. uses 25% of the world's oil supply because it produces over 25% of the world's economy (,2933,404186,00.html (FOX News) (Cato Institute),2933,366004,00.html (FOX News),05807.cfm (Competitive Enterprise Institute) (

ANWR (Arctic National Wildlife Refuge):

- 59% of Americans support oil drilling in ANWR ( (Video) (3min) (Ludwig von Mises Institute) (Townhall) (Business & Media Institute),2933,179005,00.html (FOX News) (Video) (7min) (Canada Free Press)

- ANWR: 19.6 million acres. Size of oil production area: 2,000 acres (about the size of an Airport) (
- 10.4 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in ANWR (
- Original Prudhoe Bay estimate: 8 Billion barrels, Actual: 15 Billion barrels (to date)
- The Trans Alaska Pipeline was completed in only 2 years (
- The Trans Alaska Pipeline is currently operating at only 1/3 capacity (
- ANWR's 1002 area is only 55 miles away from The Trans Alaska Pipeline
- Majority of Americans, Alaskans and Kaktovik residents support energy production in ANWR (

FACT: The 0.01% of ANWR considered for oil production looks like this:
user posted image (PERC)

FACT: The Central Arctic Caribou Herd has grown from 3,000 to 32,000 since Prudhoe Bay production began

Bill O'Reilly: (Cato Institute) (Human Events) (Video) (6min)

Diesel: (BusinessWeek) (Popular Mechanics) (Popular Mechanics) (Popular Mechanics) (BusinessWeek) (Edmunds) (The New York Times) (Popular Science)

Energy Independence: (The Washington Post) (PDF) (Competitive Enterprise Institute) (The Wall Street Journal) (Energy Tribune) (Taipei Times) (Energy Tribune, June 29, 2010) (The Wall Street Journal) (The Heritage Foundation) (The Wall Street Journal) (John Stossel, ABC News) (PDF) (The Marshall Institute) (U.S. News & World Report) (CounterPunch) (Mother Jones) (Ivan Eland, M.B.A. Applied Economics, Ph.D. National Security Policy)

Environmental: (USA Today) (Science Daily) (The Heartland Institute) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (PDF) (U.S. Department of Energy)

Exxon: (The New York Times) (Cato Institute) (Cato Institute) (Ben Stein, The New York Times) (iStockAnalyst) (Ludwig von Mises Institute)

- The average amount of net profit an oil company makes on gasoline is 5 cents per gallon (
- Exxon Mobil's total U.S. tax bill exceeded its U.S. revenues by $19 billion over the past five years (

Falkland Islands: (MercoPress, July 12, 2000) (PDF) (British Geological Survey, July 2000)

Free Market: (Ludwig von Mises Institute) (Robert L. Bradley Jr., Ph.D. Political Economy) (PDF) (Peter Z. Grossman, Ph.D. Professor of Economics)

Gull Island Alaska: (American Free Press)
- (Anchorage Daily News)
- (Petroleum News)

Jimmy Carter: (Cato Institute)

Leasing:,2933,404186,00.html (The Heritage Foundation) (CNSNews) (PDF) (API) (The Wall Street Journal)

- 2.3% of the Outer Continental Shelf is under lease (
- 0.46% of the Outer Continental Shelf is producing oil (
- Federal law stipulates that an oil company must sink a producing well within 10 years or lose the lease (

"Unfortunately, not all the leases contain oil and natural gas, and even those that do, may not contain enough to make them commercially viable. In many cases, the so-called “idle” leases are not idle at all; they are under geologic evaluation or in some stage of pre-production development and could be an important source of domestic supply in the not so distant future. Collectively, companies spend billions of dollars to obtain leases, pay rental fees each year to continue to hold them, and then pay to conduct surveys and other exploratory activity before production even starts. If a company does not produce from a well within a specified period set out during the lease term (usually five or 10 years depending on the area), it relinquishes the lease back to the government and loses all the money it invested." - American Petroleum Institute

Myths: (Snopes) (Snopes) (Snopes) (Snopes) (Snopes) (Snopes) (Snopes)

Offshore Drilling:

- 74% of Americans support off-shore oil drilling in U.S. coastal waters (
- 60% of Floridians support off-shore oil drilling in U.S. coastal waters ( (Video) (2min) (The Washington Post) (NewsMax) (The New York Times) (CNN Money) (Cato Institute)

user posted image

- 86 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf (
- Over 4000 oil and natural gas platforms operate in U.S. waters with an outstanding environmental record (
- Horizontal and directional drilling make it possible for a single well to produce oil from much bigger areas (
- Today's production footprints are only about one-fourth the size of those 30 years ago (
- Platforms use sophisticated high-pressure valves that close automatically to prevent oil spills (
- Automatic fail-safe devices are installed in wells below sea level, protecting sea beds and sea life (
- Only 1% of all oil in the sea comes from drilling (
- 63% of all oil in the sea comes from natural seeps (
- Twice as much oil as the Exxon Valdez spill naturally seeps into the Gulf of Mexico every year ( (NASA) (The Wall Street Journal) (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution) (NASA)

FACT: 63% of oil in American waters comes from natural seeps (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily)

BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (The Washington Examiner, May 5, 2010) (Ludwig von Mises Institute, May 5, 2010) (Fox News, May 6, 2010) (Los Angeles Times, May 14, 2010) (Ludwig von Mises Institute, June 23, 2010) (Ludwig von Mises Institute, July 2, 2010) (The Hill, August 4, 2010) (NOAA) (American Chemical Society) (Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory) (University of Rochester)

Oil Sands: (World Nuclear Association) (Financial Post, Canada) (The Wall Street Journal) (Financial Post, Canada) (SRI Consulting) (Bloomberg) (Financial Post, Canada) (CBS News) (Financial Post, Canada)

Existing U.S. Crude Oil and Refined Products Pipelines:
user posted image

- 492,925 Miles of Oil and Gas Pipelines exist in the United States ( (American Petroleum Institute) (Forbes, October 20, 2011) (OilPrice, October 24, 2011)

Prices: (The Wall Street Journal) (Ludwig von Mises Institute) (Business & Media Institute) (ABC News) (Victor Davis Hanson, Ph.D.) (Cato Institute)

- Gas Prices must be adjusted for inflation (
- The average amount of tax on gasoline in the United States is 49.4 cents per gallon (
- The average amount of tax on diesel in the United States is 56.4 cents per gallon (

- China is the world’s second-largest consumer of oil behind the United States (
- China's oil consumption is increasing nearly a half million barrels per day (

Price Controls/Gouging: (Video) (5min),2933,422762,00.html (John R. Lott, Ph.D. Economics) (National Review Online) (National Review Online) (John Stossel, ABC News) (Art Carden, Ph.D. Professor of Economics) (Cato Institute) (Ludwig von Mises Institute) (Ludwig von Mises Institute) (Capitalism Magazine) (Ludwig von Mises Institute) (Ludwig von Mises Institute)

"Price Controls are like trying to cure a fever by adjusting the thermometer" - Cato Institute

Products Made from Oil:

Refineries: (CNN Money) (Reuters) (ABC News),04011.cfm (Competitive Enterprise Institute) (BMI)

Regulation:,2933,333574,00.html (FOX News) (PDF) (U.S. House Energy and Commerce Committee) (TSW) (Sit News)

- 6 Trillion barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Oil-Shale Reserves (
- 986 Billion barrels of oil are estimated using Coal-to-liquids (CTL) conversion of U.S. Coal Reserves (
- 171 Billion (1.7-2.5 Trillion potential) barrels of oil are estimated in the Oil Sands of Alberta, Canada (
- 100 Billion barrels of heavy oil are estimated in the U.S. (
- 90 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the Arctic (
- 89 Billion barrels of immobile oil are estimated recoverable using CO2 injection in the U.S. (
- 86 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf (
- 80 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in U.S. Tar Sands (
- 32 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in ANWR, NPRA and the Central North Slope in Alaska (
- 31.4 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the East Greenland Rift Basins Province (
- 7.3 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the West Greenland–East Canada Province (
- 4.3 Billion (167 Billion potential) barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Bakken shale formation in North Dakota and Montana (
- 3.65 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Devonian-Mississippian Bakken Formation (
- 1.6 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Eastern Great Basin Province (
- 1.3 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Permian Basin Province (
- 1.1 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Powder River Basin Province (
- 990 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Portion of the Michigan Basin (
- 393 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. San Joaquin Basin Province of California (
- 214 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Illinois Basin (
- 172 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Yukon Flats of East-Central Alaska (
- 131 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Southwestern Wyoming Province (
- 109 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Montana Thrust Belt Province (
- 104 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Denver Basin Province (
- 98.5 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Bend Arch-Fort Worth Basin Province (
- 94 Million barrels of oil are estimated in the U.S. Hanna, Laramie, Shirley Basins Province (

For Comparison:
- 260 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in Saudi Arabia (
- 80 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in Venezuela (

Reserve Speculation:
- 580 Billion barrels of oil are estimated in Russia's Arctic Ocean Shelf (
- 400 Billion barrels of oil are estimated under the Arctic Ocean ( (The New York Times) (WorldNetDaily) (WorldNetDaily) (Science Daily),2933,349728,00.html (FOX News) (Science Daily) (WorldNetDaily) (BBC) (WorldNetDaily) (WorldNetDaily) (Science Daily) (WorldNetDaily) (Science Daily)

Shale Oil: (Video) (5min) (Investor's Business Daily) (Hawaii Reporter) (The New York Times, May 3, 1982) (The New York Times, October 3, 1983) (The New York Times, January 1, 1986)

Speculators: (Video) (4min) (The Biz Flog, June 9, 2008) (Video) (11min) (May 14, 2011) (Richard W. Rahn, Ph.D. Business Economics, June 25, 2008) (Walter E. Williams, Ph.D. Professor of Economics, July 9, 2008) (Craig Pirrong, Ph.D. Professor of Finance, July 11, 2008) (David Kreutzer, Ph.D. Economics, July 24, 2008) (PDF) (Craig Pirrong, Ph.D. Professor of Finance, Summer 2010) (John Lott, Ph.D. Economics, May 4, 2011) (Walter E. Williams, Ph.D. Professor of Economics, May 4, 2011) (Craig Pirrong, Ph.D. Professor of Finance, March 23, 2012) (Donald J. Boudreaux, Ph.D. Professor of Economics, April 5, 2012) (Townhall, June 18, 2008) (New York Post, June 20, 2008) (The New York Times, June 23, 2008) (John Stossel, June 26, 2008) (U.S. News and World Report, June 27, 2008) (Newsweek, June 28, 2008) (Fortune Magazine, June 27, 2008) (The Times, UK, July 2, 2008) (The Economist, UK, July 3, 2008) (Fortune Magazine, July 5, 2008) (The American, July 16, 2008) (Townhall, July 21, 2008) (The New York Times, July 23, 2008) (Fortune Magazine, July 28, 2008) (The Wall Street Journal, September 15, 2008) (Financial Times, UK, April 19 2010) (Forbes, April 19, 2011) (Fortune Magazine, April 29, 2011) (John Stossel, May 4, 2011) (Forbes, May 24, 2011) (Townhall Finance, March 6, 2012)

Subsidies: (The New York Times, July 28, 2008) (The Washington Times, December 7, 2011) (Forbes, April 25, 2012) (Forbes, January 2, 2013) (Forbes, July 7, 2013) (The Wall Street Journal, November 11, 2013) (Video) (3min) (PDF) (Cato Institute, February 1, 2001) (PDF) (EIA, 2007) (PDF) (CRS, March 3, 2011) (PDF) (API, 2012) (PDF) (API, 2012)

Taxes: (Cato Institute) (Cato Institute)

Windfall Profit Taxes: (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (David Kreutzer, Ph.D. Economics) (Cato Institute) (William L. Anderson, Ph.D. Professor of Economics) (John Stossel, 20/20) (Cato Institute) (Art Carden, Ph.D. Professor of Economics)

Posted by: Andrew Apr 15 2009, 08:58 PM
Peak Oil: (Video) (5min) (ABC News);304/5674/1114 (
(Science, Volume 304, Number 5674, pp. 1114-1115, May 2004)
- Leonardo Maugeri (
(Energy Policy, Volume 38, Issue 11, pp. 6566-6569, November 2010)
- Marian Radetzki (PDF) (Vaclav Smil, Ph.D., World Watch Magazine, January/February 2006) (University of Washington, October 19, 2006) (Cambridge Energy Research Associates, January 17, 2008) (The Wall Street Journal, January 27, 2005) (ABC News, May 12, 2006) (Reason, January 5, 2007) (PDF) (The Wall Street Journal, March 4, 2008) (Sunday Times, UK, April 28, 2008) (The New York Times, August 25, 2009)
- (Master Resource, August 31, 2009) (Financial Post, Canada, September 11, 2009) (National Post, Canada, March 19, 2010) (The New York Times, March 5, 2007) ( Institute of Oil and Gas Problems, January 31, 2008) (American Chemical Society, September 8, 2008) (Energy Tribune) (National Center For Policy Analysis) (Financial Sense) (DailyTech) (WorldNetDaily) (Energy Tribune, December 17, 2009) (Accuracy in Media) (The New Zealand Herald) (Investor's Business Daily) (Reason) (Reason) (The Weekly Standard) (Video) (8min) (CNBC) (Reason) (The Times, UK) (WorldNetDaily) (WorldNetDaily) (Ludwig von Mises Institute) (Kiplinger) (Seeking Alpha) (Aljazeera Magazine) (WorldNetDaily) (The Times, UK)

- 1885, U.S. Geological Survey: "Little or no chance for oil in California."
- 1891, U.S. Geological Survey: "Little or no chance for oil in Kansas and Texas"
- 1914, U.S. Bureau of Mines: Total future production limit of 5.7 billion barrels of oil, at most a 10-year supply remaining.
- 1939, Department of the Interior: Oil reserves in the United States to be exhausted in 13 years.
- 1951, Department of the Interior, Oil and Gas Division: Oil reserves in the United States to be exhausted in 13 years.

1973-1979 Oil Crisis: (Cato Institute, October 17, 2003) (The Washington Times, May 15, 2006)

2007-2008 Oil Crisis: (Frank Shostak, Ph.D. Economics, June 2, 2008)

Limits to Growth: (PDF) (Craig S. Marxsen, Ph.D. Professor of Economics) (Wired)

Matt Simmons: (Energy Tribune, August 2, 2010) (The Wall Street Journal, August 9, 2010)

Russian: (Bloomberg, January 2, 2012) (Oil & Gas Eurasia, January 6, 2012)

Saudi Arabia: (Oil and Gas Journal, May 17, 2004) (WorldNetDaily, November 1, 2005) (PDF) (Michael C. Lynch, President of Strategic Energy and Economic Research, 2006) (The Wall Street Journal, February 9, 2011) (The New York Times, February 25, 2011)

Papers: (PDF) (Cato Institute) (PDF) (Craig S. Marxsen, Ph.D. Professor of Economics) (PDF) (John Brätland, Ph.D. Senior Economist, U.S. Department of the Interior) (PDF) (Michael C. Lynch, President of Strategic Energy and Economic Research)

Abiogenic Theory: (University Of Minnesota, August 16, 1999) (Carnegie Institution for Science, July 27, 2009) (KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, September 8, 2009) (American Chemical Society, November 4, 2009) (University of California, Davis, April 18, 2011) (National Review Online) (Wired) (The Times, UK) (The New York Times) (WorldNetDaily) (WorldNetDaily) (WorldNetDaily)

EROEI (Energy Return On Energy Invested): (PDF) (DOE) (Peter Huber, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, MIT)

Failed Predictions: (Peak Oil Debunked) (National Geographic, 1974)

Gas: (Financial Post, Canada)

Thermal Depolymerization: (Video) (7min) (Discover Magazine)

Peak Whale Oil: (The Freeman, August 1993) (The New York Times, August 3, 2008)


"There is no sound public policy reason for mandating the use of ethanol." - Hillary Clinton, 2002 (Video) (5min) (ABC News)

- Ethanol (E85) reduces fuel economy by 30% compared to gasoline (
- Ethanol (E85) costs more than Gasoline (
- Ethanol cannot be transported in existing pipelines (
- Ethanol would supply only 12% of U.S. motoring fuel even if every acre of corn were used (
- Ethanol displaces only 2% of U.S. oil consumption (
- Ethanol fires are harder to put out ( (American Institute of Biological Sciences, July 4, 2005) (Bloomberg BusinessWeek, May 19, 2006) (The Daily Telegraph, UK, July 12, 2006) (Chicago Sun-Times, January 27, 2007) (John Stossel, ABC News, May 23, 2007) (The New York Times, January 26, 2008) (The New York Sun, February 13, 2008) (Popular Mechanics, December 18, 2009) (Consumer Reports, January 2011) (The New York Times, June 24, 2011) (Video) (7min) (Video) (5min),%20Food,%20or%20Wildlife%20The%20Massive%20Land%20Costs%20of%20US%20Ethanol.pdf (PDF) (30 pgs) (Dennis T. Avery, M.S. Agricultural Economics) (PDF) (8 pgs) (Dennis T. Avery, M.S. Agricultural Economics) (PDF) (Regulation, 2007) (PDF) (12 pgs) (The Milken Institute Review, 2007) (PDF) (18 pgs) (Richard S. Courtney, B.A., DipPhil Material Science)

Al Gore: (The American Spectator) (NewsBusters)

"First generation ethanol I think was a mistake. The energy conversion ratios are at best very small." - Al Gore, 2010

Brazil: (EIA) (LewRockwell, August 9, 2006) (Energy Tribune, September 13, 2006) (Grassroot Institute of Hawaii, November 3, 2006) (Energy Tribune, June 20, 2007) (Washington Times, May 7, 2008) (Foreign Policy, April 9, 2010) (PDF) (The Marshall Institute, September 2006) (PDF) (Marcus Renato S. Xavier, M.A. Economics,
February 15, 2007
) (BBC, July 3, 2007) (The Washington Post, July 31, 2007) (Bloomberg, September 28, 2007) (The Guardian, UK, April 29, 2009)

- Brazil is the 4th largest oil consumer in the world (
- Ethanol from sugar cane produces 8 times more energy than from corn (
- Ethanol supplies only 20% of the motor vehicle fuel in Brazil (
- Brazil produced 5 million gallons of ethanol vs. 6.5 million by the U.S. in 2007 (
- Brazil produced 2.3 million bbl/d of Oil vs. 308,000 bbl/d of Ethanol in 2006 (
- Brazil has only 81 motor vehicles per 1000 people vs. 765 per 1000 people in the U.S. (

Cellulose: (Switchgrass) (Peter Huber, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, MIT) (Science Daily) (Energy Tribune) (Indur M. Goklany, Ph.D. Science and Policy Analyst, U.S. Department of the Interior)

Cost: (USA Today) (AAA) (Consumer Reports) (USA Today) (Science Daily)

E15: (The New York Times, May 7, 2009) (Reuters, December 20, 2010) (Bloomberg, July 5, 2011) (Paul Driessen, April 10, 2012)

E85: (Popular Mechanics, October 6, 2011)

Energy: (U.S Department of Energy)
Ethanol (E85) = 80,000 BTUs, Gasoline = 125,000 BTUs (per gallon) (Cornell University) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (USA Today)

Engine Damage: (The Martha's Vineyard Times, July 13, 2006) (The Independent, UK, September 5, 2006) (Boating Magazine, May 2010) (Briggs and Stratton, October 25, 2010) (Popular Mechanics, December 21, 2010) (The Herald, February 19, 2011) (PDF) (FAA, October 27, 2006) (PDF) (BoatUS Seaworthy Magazine, February 2008) (PDF) (Bell Performance, April 8, 2011) (PDF) (FEV, March 27, 2012)

Environmental: (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds) (World Wildlife Fund) (Science Daily) (Stanford University) (National Geographic) (Science) (The Guardian, UK) (Michigan State University) (USA Today) (National Geographic) (American Society of Agronomy) (Stanford University) (Reuters) (Breitbart) (European Forest Institute) (Reuters) (University of California, Berkeley) (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute) (University of Washington) (The Guardian, UK) (Energy Tribune) (National Center For Policy Abalysis) (University of Hawaii Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit) (University of British Columbia)

Fire: (Industrial Fire World, January 2007) (Bulk Transporter, August 1, 2007) (USA Today, February 26, 2008)$File/ETOH-85-Final_Rev00_2010_halfpt%20increase_022610.pdf?OpenElement (PDF) (U.S. National Response Team)

"Fighting fires of fuel blends containing 10% or more ethanol by volume requires the use of an Alcohol Resistant-Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AR-AFFF)."

Food: (University of Illinois) (Cornell University) (Science Daily) (MIT Technology Review) (MIT Technology Review) (The New York Times, May 7, 2007) (Reuters, June 14, 2007) (The Guardian, July 3, 2008) (MSNBC) (BBC) (The Independent, UK) (BBC) (Science Daily) (ABC News) (USA Today) (Financial Post, Canda) (CNSNews) (MSNBC) (The New York Times),2144,2451025,00.html (Deutsche Welle) (Forbes) (Reuters) (The Daily Green) (The New York Times) (Vnunet, UK) (USA Today),2933,258050,00.html (FOX News)

Food Riots:§ion=0&article=108852&d=11&m=4&y=2008 (Arab News) (Business & Media Institute) (The Daily Telegraph, UK, June 19, 2008) (BBC, June 25, 2008) (The Guardian, UK, July 3, 2008) (Reuters, July 8, 2008) (CBC, October 12, 2010)

Global Warming: (Conservation Biology Journal) (University of Minnesota) (The Daily Telegraph, UK, March 22, 2011) (American Institute of Biological Sciences) (The Times, UK) (USA Today)

MPG: (Car and Driver, July 2006) (Edmunds, May 2007) (Consumer Reports, Janaury 2011) (PDF) (Zhai et al. 2007) (PDF) (EPA, 2012)

Pipelines: (PDF) (John F. Whims, Ph.D. Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, Kansas State University)

Stations: (Ethanol Free Gas Stations) (Ethanol Free Gas Stations)

Water: (American Chemical Society) (University of Twente, Netherlands) (American Chemical Society),2933,200158,00.html (FOX News) (Environmental News Service) (The Wall Street Journal) (The National Academies) (Purdue University) (USA Today)


Production: (PDF) (EIA)

Mandates: (The Heritage Foundation, March 28, 2007) (The Heritage Foundation, April 2, 2008) (The Heritage Foundation, May 15, 2008) (Businessweek, June 7, 2010) (RedState, November 22, 2010) (The Heritage Foundation, January 17, 2012) (UPI, February 13, 2012)
Alternative Motor Fuels Act (1988) (Ethanol Incentives)
Clean Air Act (1990) (Oxygenated Fuel Requirement)
Energy Policy Act (2005) [Mandates: 7.5 Billion Gallons of Biofuels used by 2012]
Energy Independence and Security Act (2007) [Mandates: 35 Billion Gallons of Biofuels used by 2022]

Subsidies: ($0.45 per gallon) (U.S. Department of Energy) (Environmental Working Group) (Global Subsidies Initiative) (Cato Institute) (Energy Publisher) (Financial Times, UK) (Cato Institute) (Slate Magazine) (Cato Institute) (The Wall Street Journal)

Tariffs: ($0.54 per gallon) (U.S. Department of Energy) (The New York Times, January 1, 2012)


- Biodiesel reduces fuel economy by 10% compared to diesel
- Biodiesel can gel up in low temperatures (U.S Department of Energy)
Biodiesel = 120,000 BTUs, Diesel = 130,000 BTUs (per gallon) (Science Daily) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (Star Tribune)
- (Renewable Energy World) (USA Today) (BBC) (Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

Biofuels: (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (University of Wisconsin-Madison) (The Times, UK) (PDF) (Popular Mechanics)

Posted by: Andrew Apr 15 2009, 08:59 PM

- 50% of U.S. electrical generation comes from coal ( (22% Natural Gas, 19% Nuclear, 6% Hydroelectric, 2% from "Renewables" and 1% from Oil)
- The United States has 268 billion tons of coal reserves - a 240 year supply (
- Coal is the cheapest way to generate electricity (the levelized cost of a kilowatt hour is 3.53 cents for coal, 5.47 cents for gas, 5.94 cents for nuclear)
- Coal Power plants being built today emit 90 percent less pollutants (SO2, NOx, Particulates, mercury) than the plants they replaced from the 1970s (
- Emissions from coal-based electricity generation have decreased overall by nearly 40 percent since the 1970s while coal use has tripled (
- U.S. coal operations have reclaimed more than 2.2. million acres of mined land over the past 25 years (
- U.S. coal mining directly employs nearly 120,000 people ( (PDF) (Eugene M. Trisko, B.A. Economics, J.D. Law, Member, EPA Clean Air Act Advisory Committee) (PDF) (Institute for Energy Research) (The Heartland Institute) (Peter Huber, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, MIT) (The Heartland Institute) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily)

Compact Fluorescent Lightbulbs (CFLs): (Yale University)
But much of South America, Africa, the Middle East and parts of Europe, along with Alaska, California, Oregon, Idaho and several New England states, would actually increase their mercury emissions by making the switch from incandescent to fluorescent lighting. (CBC News)
CBC News has found that in some cases compact fluorescent bulbs (CFLs) can have the adverse effect of increasing greenhouse gas emissions, depending on how consumers heat their homes.

In fact, a recent report by BC Hydro estimates new lighting regulations will increase annual greenhouse gas emissions in British Columbia by 45,000 tonnes annually as consumers use more energy to heat their homes after switching to more energy efficient - but cooler - lighting. (WorldNetDaily) (WorldNetDaily) (The New York Times) (WorldNetDaily),2933,268747,00.html (FOX News) (WorldNetDaily) (WorldNetDaily) (USA Today) (Business & Media Institute) (The Daily Mail, UK) (Business & Media Institute) (CBC News)

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG):

- Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) reduces fuel economy by 65% compared to gasoline (
- Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) reduces the vehicle driving range in half
- Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) fuel tanks are larger than a gasoline tank taking up trunk space
- Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) fuel tanks are dangerously explosive ( (University of British Columbia)

user posted image (The Daily Star, India) (Bangladesh News) (United News of Bangladesh) (The Daily Star, India) (Reuters)
- (Dawn, Pakistan) (The Daily Star, India) (Sify News) (The Indian Express, India) (IranMania) (The Press-Enterprise) (Dawn, Pakistan) (Dawn, Pakistan) (Dawn, Pakistan)

Electric Cars:

"It is questionable whether consumers will accept the annoyances of limited driving range and having to spend time charging them." - Tomohiko Kawanabe, Chief of R&D for Honda

- Electric cars take hours to charge
- Electric cars have limited range
- Electric car's batteries have a short lifespan
- Electric car's batteries are expensive to replace
- Electric cars are quiet and a danger to pedestrians (The Daily Telegraph, UK)
- (BBC) (The American)
Kawanabe is not saying anything new, but he is saying something that is either ignored or has yet to sink in with electric enthusiasts. EVs—including the very best of them—don’t go very far. They go even less far if they go fast. They go even less far if they contain passengers or any significant cargo. Or if it is very cold. Or if it is very hot. (The American) (American Chemical Society) (The Register) (Forbes) (CNN Money) (USA Today) (Popular Mechanics) (Wired) (Popular Mechanics) (Car and Driver)

MPGe: (Miles Per Gallon Equivalent)

- All MPGe ratings must be multiplied by 36.5% to account for actual electrical generation efficiency from fossil fuels. (Forbes, November 24, 2010) (Forbes, October 20, 2011) (Secret Entourage)

Chevy Volt: (Daily Mail, UK, April 16, 2011) (Daily Mail, UK, April 19, 2011) (Daily Mail, UK, November 26, 2011) (The Wall Street Journal, July 27, 2010) (The Wall Street Journal, October 20, 2010) (Edmunds, January 24, 2011) (Edmunds, February 8, 2011)
In it I found my record-setting electric bill and confirmed I had paid $.31 for each kWh from mid-December to mid-January. At that rate it cost me $4.16 to fully charge the Volt the previous night, a price that got me 25.8 miles the following morning. (Consumer Reports, April 2011)
We've been getting the low end of the electric-only range, usually between 23 and 28 miles, undoubtedly due to this winter's deep freeze. The car's electric range is very susceptible to cold weather, primarily because the heater runs on electricity. We also found that an extended highway cruise shortens the electric range. [...] For now, it seems that owning a Volt is an expensive way to be green.

- The Battery Pack Has A 10-12 Hour Charge Time (

GM EV1: (Edmunds) (GM)
* A waiting list of 5,000 only generated 50 people willing to follow through to a lease.
* Because of low demand for the EV1, parts suppliers quit making replacement parts making future repair and safety of the vehicles difficult to nearly impossible. (TCS Daily) (Watts Up With That?)
QUOTE (GM's Bob Lutz)
The EV1 ‘died’ because it had limited range, limited room for passengers or luggage, couldn’t climb a hill or run the air conditioning without depleting the battery and no device to get you home when your battery charge ran low.

Tesla: (Edmunds, July 10, 2008) (Edmunds, October 14, 2008) (The New York Times, November 28, 2008 )!5183895/schwarzenegger-wants-to-terminate-his-tesla-roadster (Valleywag, March 25, 2009) (Daily Finance, September 15, 2009) (Los Angeles Times, February 16, 2011) (Jalopnik, February 22, 2012) (The New York Times, February 8, 2013)
- (The New York Times, February 12, 2013)
- (The New York Times, February 12, 2013) (The Truth About Cars, January 19, 2015)

- The Battery Pack Loses 30% Capacity After 50,000 miles (
- The Expected Battery Life is Seven-years or 100,000 miles (
- The Battery Replacement Cost is $30,000 or $12,000 if you pre-pay within the first 3 months of taking ownership of your Roadster. (

Recalls: (Los Angeles Times, May 29, 2009) (ABC News, October 8, 2010)

Energy Efficiency: (Peter Huber, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, MIT) (Peter Huber, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, MIT) (CounterPunch)

CAFE Standards: (Fuel Economy),02156.cfm (National Review) (Robert W. Crandall, Ph.D. Economics) (Cato Institute) (FOX News) (Gary M. Galles, Ph.D. Professor of Economics) (The Heritage Foundation) (PDF) (Bruce Yandle, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Economics) (PDF) (Andrew N. Kleit, Ph.D. Professor of Energy and Environmental Economics) (PDF) (USA Today) (PDF) (Molly Espey, Ph.D. Professor of Applied Economics & Statistics) (PDF) (Competitive Enterprise Institute) (PDF) (Paul Godek, Ph.D. Economics),04970.cfm (The Wall Street Journal, November 13, 2005) (The Wall Street Journal, May 8, 2006) (The Wall Street Journal, May 2, 2007) (The Wall Street Journal, September 17, 2008) (The Wall Street Journal, April 17, 2009) (The Wall Street Journal, May 22, 2009) (AOL News, April 2, 2011) (Investor's Business Daily, July 26, 2011)

Energy Star: (U.S. GAO) (The Wall Street Journal) (Popular Mechanics) (Fox News) (CNS News)

Myths: (Popular Mechanics) (Popular Mechanics) (The Wall Street Journal) (Popular Mechanics) (Consumer Reports) (ABC News) (Popular Mechanics) (Snopes) (Manhattan Institute) (The Fish Carburetor Book) (The American Thinker) (Video) (44min) (Consumer Reports) (Consumer Reports) (Edmunds)

Free Energy: (Video) (41min) (Slashdot) (BBC)

Geothermal:,2933,315321,00.html (Fox News)

Earthquakes: (Reuters, December 9, 2006) (Bloomberg, February 2, 2007) (The New York Times, June 23, 2009) (The New York Times, September 10, 2009) (The New York Times, December 11, 2009) (The Guardian, December 15, 2009)


"When you just use the argument of fuel efficiency, the purchase of a hybrid car is not justified"
- Kazuo Okamoto, Head of Research and Development at Toyota (CBS News, April 10, 2012) (The Wall Street Journal) (The Wall Street Journal) (Science Daily) (CNN Money) (Brock Yates, Car and Driver),2933,488546,00.html (FOX News)

Cost: (Consumer Affairs) (Edmunds)
QUOTE (Edmunds)
It takes the Prius a shocking 13.6 years to catch up with the Corolla. The Lexus RX 400h takes a whopping 13.6 years to break even with the Lexus RX 350. (Consumer Reports) (Brock Yates, Car and Driver)
QUOTE (Brock Yates)
battery replacement will cost $5300 for the Toyota and Lexus hybrids, and the Ford Escape replacements run a whopping $7200. (NADA Guides) (Consumer Affairs) (MSN Money)

Environmental: (DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) (International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management) (University of British Columbia) (Environmental Science & Technology) (Reuters) (The Times, UK),25197,24242306-601,00.html (The Australian) (Heartland Institute) (Environmental Leader) (The Recorder) (Daily Mail, UK) (Environmental Leader) (PDF) (Kay H. Jones Ph.D.)

MPG: (Consumer Affairs) (Consumer Reports)
EPA Overall Old: 55 MPG, EPA Overall New: 46 MPG, Consumer Reports Overall: 44 MPG (Daily Mail, UK)

Performance: (Consumer Affairs) (Consumer Affairs) (The Times, UK)

Recalls: (The Los Angeles Times) (Forbes) (CBS News) (Motor Trend)

Hydroelectric: (Doug French, M.A. Economics)

Hydrogen: (U.S Department of Energy)
Hydrogen = 30,000 BTUs, Gasoline = 125,000 BTUs, Diesel = 130,000 BTUs (per gallon) (Science Daily) (Science Daily) (Science Daily)

Levelized Costs: (EIA) (Institute for Energy Research) (PDF) (pg. 22) (Gilbert E. Metcalf, Ph.D. Professor of Economics, MIT)

Real Levelized Costs of Electricity:

$3.79 Conventional Coal
$4.37 Clean Coal
$5.61 Natural Gas
$5.94 Nuclear
$6.64 Wind
$18.82 Solar Thermal
$37.39 Solar Photovoltaic

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG): (LP Gas or Autogas)

- Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) reduces fuel economy by 33% compared to gasoline (
- Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) provides 6% less power than gasoline
- Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) provides less lubricity than gasoline
- Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) requires a 35% greater storage volume than gasoline
- Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is comprised of propane, butane or a combination of the two (U.S Department of Energy)
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) = 84,000 BTUs, Gasoline = 125,000 BTUs (per gallon)

Methanol (M85):

- Methanol (M85) reduces fuel economy by 47% compared to gasoline (
- Methanol is a colorless liquid - this requires fuels to be dyed
- Methanol has inadequate vapor pressure for cold-starting, particularly in low ambient temperatures
- Methanol burns with a flame that is nearly invisible in direct sunlight - this is a safety concern as fires could start and go unnoticed
- Methanol provides less lubricity than gasoline - this increases wear on various engine fuel system components
- Methanol is extremely poisonous and prolonged exposure can cause blindness or death
- Indycar switched to Methanol in the 1970s because it was less explosive than Gasoline ( (U.S Department of Energy)
Methanol (M85) = 66,000 BTUs, Ethanol (E85) = 80,000 BTUs, Gasoline = 125,000 BTUs (per gallon)

Military: (RAND Corporation)

Natural Gas: (Energy Tribune) (Energy Tribune)

Gasland (Documentary) (Video) (4:09) (Forbes, April 22, 2010) (The Washington Examiner, January 30, 2011) (Energy Tribune, February 18, 2011) (The Washington Examiner, May 19, 2011) (Energy in Depth, June 9, 2010) (PDF) (Energy in Depth) (PDF) (Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission)

Hydraulic Fracturing: (Frac'ing or Fracking) (Video) (1min) (EPA) (Forbes) (Energy Tribune) (Fox News, December 27, 2011)

Cabot Oil and Gas: Dimock, PA (Video) (4min) (Cabot Oil and Gas) (Cabot Oil and Gas) (Cabot Oil and Gas) (PDF) (Robert W. Watson, Ph.D., Associate Professor Emeritus of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering and Environmental Systems Engineering, Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, Chairman of the Technical Advisory Board, Oil and Gas Management, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection) (PDF) (School of Forest Resources, College of Agricultural Sciences, Pennsylvania State University)

Posted by: Andrew Apr 15 2009, 09:00 PM

- France Generates 80% of it's Electricity from Nuclear Power (
- Lithuania Generates 70% of it's Electricity from Nuclear Power (
- Belgium Generates 54% of it's Electricity from Nuclear Power (
- Sweden Generates 50% of it's Electricity from Nuclear Power (
- 104 Commercial Nuclear Reactors are operating in the United States (
- 103 Military Nuclear Reactors are operating in the U.S. Navy (
- The U.S. Navy has over 5500 reactor years of accident-free experience (
- 95% of the material in a spent fuel rod can be recycled for energy and medical isotopes (
- 67% Favor Building New Nuclear Power Plants in U.S. (
- China plans to build 30 more Nuclear Reactors (
- England plans to build 8 more Nuclear Reactors (
- India plans to build 4 more Nuclear Reactors (
- Italy plans to build new Nuclear Reactors (
- Modern Nuclear Reactors can be built in 3-years and last 60-years (
- There is plenty of Uranium resources to sustain the growth of Nuclear Power (
- There is enough Uranium to last over 2500 years using fast breeder reactor technology (
- Nuclear Power admits ZERO Carbon emissions (Video) (5min) (Video) (28min) (The Guardian, UK, April 5, 2011) (Patrick Moore, Ph.D. Ecology, Greenpeace Co-Founder) (PDF) (Capital Research Center) (Patrick Moore, Ph.D. Ecology, Greenpeace Co-Founder) (Peter Huber, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, MIT) (Wired) (The Wall Street Journal) (BBC) (Jay Lehr, Ph.D. Environmental Science) (Mark Lynas, New Statesman)

Chernobyl: (World Nuclear Association) (The New York Times, December 27, 1988) (Australasian Radiation Protection Society, August 4, 2000) (The Guardian, UK, January 6, 2002) (Daily Telegraph, UK, April 25, 2004) (USA Today, September 5, 2005) (CBC News, September 5, 2005) (The American Spectator, January 23, 2006) (BBC, April 20, 2006) (Intellectual Conservative, April 26th, 2006),2933,279091,00.html (Fox News, June 8, 2007) (Natural Environment Research Council, April 3, 2007) (Environmental Data Interactive, UK, November 28, 2007) (RIA Novosti, April 24, 2009) (Spiked, UK, April 27, 2010) (American Chemical Society, September 15, 2010) (Daily Mail, UK, September 27, 2010) (Fox News, April 11, 2011),153255,en.html (University of Portsmouth, April 12, 2012) (Zbigniew Jaworowski, M.D. Ph.D. D.Sc. Former Chairman, Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Poland, 2001) (PDF) (Zbigniew Jaworowski, M.D. Ph.D. D.Sc. Former Chairman, Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Poland, 2006) (PDF) (Zbigniew Jaworowski, M.D. Ph.D. D.Sc. Former Chairman, Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Poland 2010) (PDF) (United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation) (PDF) (International Atomic Energy Agency)

28 - Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS)
2 - Injuries Suffered at Unit 4 Unrelated to Radiation
1 - Coronary Thrombosis
19 - Various Causes Between 1987–2004 Not Attributable to Radiation
15 - Thyroid Cancer *
65 - Total Deaths

* Increased thyroid cancer screening and better reporting rather than radiation exposure cannot be ruled out as the cause of some if not all cases.

Chernobyl - Anders Moller: (Science, January 28, 2004) (The Scientist, January 1, 2007) (Scientific American, March 24, 2009) (Wired Magazine, April 14, 2011)

Economics: (World Nuclear Association)

Fukushima: (World Nuclear Association) (The Wall Street Journal, March 14, 2011) (Human Events, March 16, 2011) (NewsBusters, March 17, 2011) (CNSNews, July 18, 2011) (The Guardian, UK, October 7, 2011) (CNSNews, October 25, 2011) (Scientific American, December 20, 2011) (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, May 7, 2014) (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, September 2, 2014)

Myths: (Heritage Foundation) (National Center for Policy Analysis) (Spiked, UK)

Nuclear Winter: (The American Thinker) (WorldNetDaily) (The New York Times) (Nuclear War Survival Skills) (Russell Seitz, The National Interest, 1986)

Reserves: (Mining Weekly) (Environment News Service) (International Atomic Energy Agency) (Nuclear Energy Administration) (Nuclear Energy Administration) (Reuters) (James Hopf, Nuclear Engineer) (Scientific American) (China Daily) (The Economic Times, India) (RIA Novosti) (The St. Petersburg Times, Russia)

Safety:,1518,519043,00.html (Spiegel Online, Germany),22606,22330733-5006301,00.html (The Advertiser, Australia) (The Washington Post) (Science Daily)

Thorium: (The New York Times) (Cosmos) (Forbes)

Three Mile Island: (University Of Pittsburgh Medical Center) (University Of Pittsburgh Medical Center) (MIT) (Reuters)

United States: (Jay H. Lehr, Ph.D. Environmental Science) (Jay H. Lehr, Ph.D. Environmental Science) (Jay H. Lehr, Ph.D. Environmental Science)

Waste Disposal: (Video) (3min) (World Nuclear Association) (Heritage Foundation) (PDF) (21st Century Science and Technology) (PDF) (Clinton Bastin, Retired Nuclear Scientist, Atomic Energy Commission, Department of Energy) (Science Daily) (Science Daily)

Worldwide: (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (Hawaii Reporter) (Heritage Foundation),1518,565132,00.html (Spiegel Online, Germany) (Business Week) (Daily Mail, UK)

Pickens Plan:

"There are no turbines on my ranch, because I think they are ugly." - T. Boone Pickens, 2008,2933,379702,00.html (Junk Science),2933,390821,00.html (Junk Science),2933,395304,00.html (Junk Science),2933,420941,00.html (Junk Science),2933,428102,00.html (Junk Science) (PDF) (Executive Intelligence Review) (Paul Driessen, Townhall) (The Wall Street Journal) (Investors Business Daily)
- (The Wall Street Journal) (Cato Institute) (Cato Institute) (National Wind Watch) (UPI) (National Wind Watch) (Institute for Energy Research) (Financial Post, Canada) (Investors Business Daily),0,2980323.story (Los Angeles Times) (Cato Institute) (The Examiner) (Hawaii Reporter) (WorldNetDaily) (The Wall Street Journal, January 14, 2010) (Energy Tribune, July 28, 2011)

Rare Earths: (Technology Metals Research, February 26, 2011) (Market Watch, September 24, 2009)

"China accounts for about 97% of global rare-earth production."

Recycling: (Video) (29min) (The New York Times) (Property and Environment Research Center)

- Every community recycling program in America today costs more than the revenue it generates (
- The market for most products manufactured from recycled materials is largely supported by government subsidies or government programs requiring recycled content in certain products (
- The value of recycled materials on the open market has declined dramatically in recent years, and in many cases there is no market at all (
- Manufacturing paper, glass, and plastic from recycled materials uses appreciably more energy and water and produces as much or more air pollution as manufacturing from raw materials (
- We are not running out of or will we ever run out of any of the resources we recycle (
- We are not cutting down “endangered forests” today to make paper. We plant far more trees than we harvest each year. Wood is in ample supply (
- U.S. Forest land area increased from 747 million acres in 1997 to 749 in 2002 (
- Since the 1950s, timber growth has consistently exceeded harvest (
- We are not running out of landfill space. All the garbage we will generate in the next 10 centuries will require less than 35 square miles to a height of only 300 feet (
- Landfills are no longer a threat to the environment or public health. State-of-the-art landfills, with redundant clay and plastic liners and leachate collection systems, have now replaced all of our previously unsafe dumps (
- Landfills can be excellent neighbors, contributing wonderful parklands and golf courses to our communities ( (Roy E. Cordato, Ph.D. Economics) (The Heartland Institute) (Cato Institute) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (The Times, UK) (Cato Institute) (The Heartland Institute) (The Heartland Institute) (Jay Lehr, Ph.D. Ground Water Hydrology) (The New York Times) (Ludwig von Mises Institute) (The Washington Times) (Science Daily)

Papers (PDF) (Cato Institute) (Cato Institute)

Landfills (The National Golf Foundation) (ESPN) (Jay Lehr, Ph.D. Ground Water Hydrology)

Plastic Bags (InTheFray Magazine) (Bonner R. Cohen Ph.D.),23599,23438890-2,00.html (,2933,336189,00.html (FOX News) (The Times, UK) (Competitive Enterprise Institute) (PDF) (Progressive Bag Alliance) (Science Daily)

Renewable Energy:

"It is the nature of civilization to use energy and it’s the nature of liberalism to feel bad about it." - Robert Bryce, Managing Editor, Energy Tribune (Reason) (The Washington Post) (The Wall Street Journal) (Robert J. Michaels, Ph.D. Professor of Economics) (Forbes) (The Guardian, UK) (USA Today) (The New York Times) (George Reisman, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Economics) (The Guardian, UK) (Rockefeller University) (Cato Institute) (U.S. Energy Information Administration) (PDF) (Cato Institute) (PDF) (Regulation) (Robert L. Bradley, Jr. Ph.D. Political Economy, CEO Institute for Energy Research) (PDF) (Richard L. Gordon, Ph.D. Economics, MIT)


- Solar Power is the most expensive way to generate electricity (the levelized cost of a kilowatt hour is 35-50 cents for solar unsubsidized) (
- Commonly Available Solar Panels Are Only 12% Efficient ( (University of California, Berkeley)
- (PDF) (Severin Borenstein Ph.D. Economics, MIT)
- (PDF) (Severin Borenstein Ph.D. Economics, MIT) (American Chemical Society)

Perovskite: (Scientific American, March 2, 2015) (Breitbart, March 9, 2015) (Breitbart London, March 3, 2015) (Breitbart, October 9, 2014) (Breitbart London, August 19, 2014) (Breaking Energy, October 7, 2011) (Reason) (Reason) (The Los Angeles Times) (The Independent, UK) (The New American) (The Heartland Institute) (The Heartland Institute) (The Heartland Institute) (Cato Institute) (Michael R. Fox, Ph.D. Physical Chemistry) (Worcester Business Journal) (The New York Times) (The Sydney Morning Herald) (Reuters)

Subsidies: (IER, May 31, 2012) (IER, June 10, 2011) (IER, August 3, 2011) (CNS News, August 17, 2011) (Forbes, August 15, 2011) (IER, November 21, 2011) (PDF) (pg xvi) (EIA)

Natural Gas - $0.25 per megawatt hour
Coal - $0.44 per megawatt hour
Hydroelectric - $0.67 per megawatt hour
Nuclear - $1.59 per megawatt hour
Wind - $23.37 per megawatt hour
Solar - $24.34 per megawatt hour (PDF) (pgs. xviii, xx) (EIA)

Natural Gas - $0.64 per megawatt hour
Coal - $0.63 per megawatt hour
Hydroelectric - $0.84 per megawatt hour
Nuclear - $3.09 per megawatt hour
Wind - $52.48 per megawatt hour
Solar - $968.00 per megawatt hour (PDF) (Congressional Research Service, May 2, 2011)


"Millions of Americans purchase sport-utility vehicles because they find their utility of value. These vehicles are purchased not by witless, conspicuous-consumption status slaves but rather, for the most part, by rational adults."
- Brock Yates, Car and Driver

- Since the mid-1970s, the fuel economy of SUVs and light trucks has improved by nearly 60%. (
- Today’s SUVs are 50% more efficient than cars were a generation ago. (
- The emissions from a new midsize SUV are cleaner than those of the average passenger car built just three years ago. (
- All the cars and light trucks in the U.S. make up only about 2% of all man-made greenhouse gases worldwide. ( (PDF) (Regulation, 2001)

Water Powered Car: (Aardvark Daily) (Popular Mechanics)

Stanley Meyers: (Aardvark Daily) (David Brynn Hibbert, Ph.D. Professor of Analytical Chemistry, University of New South Wales, Australia) (The Columbus Dispatch)

Posted by: Andrew Apr 18 2009, 08:38 PM
Wind: (Video) (3min)

- Wind Power is Expensive (
- Wind Power is Unreliable (
- Wind Power represents only 0.3% of all energy consumed in the United States (
- Wind Farms are Eyesores (
- Wind Farms affect Weather Patterns (
- Wind Farms interfere with Radar (
- Wind Farms produce Noise Pollution (
- Wind Farms Kill Bats (
- Wind Farms Kill Birds (
- Wind Turbines are Dangerous (
- Wind Turbines shut off in low (-8 mph) and high (+50 mph) winds ( (PDF) (Executive Intelligence Review, August 22, 2008) (Energy Tribune, November 25, 2008) (PDF) (21st Century Science and Technology, February 13, 2009) (Energy Tribune, March 3, 2009) (The Wall Street Journal, August 23, 2010)
- (Energy Tribune) (Energy Tribune, October 20, 2010) (Energy Tribune, March 16, 2011) (Energy Tribune, August 15, 2011) (Energy Tribune, February 6, 2012) (Energy Tribune, February 13, 2012) (Energy Tribune, May 14, 2012) (Energy Tribune, March 15, 2012) (Consumer Reports, August 6, 2012) (Reuters, February 27, 2008) (Energy Tribune, August 5, 2009) (The Heartland Institute) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (Cato Institute) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (BBC) (Hawaii Reporter) (Energy Tribune) (BBC) (National Center for Policy Analysis) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (The Times, UK) (Minnesotans For Sustainability) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (BBC, September 5, 2008) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (Hawaii Reporter) (Minnesotans For Sustainability);sessionid=WLMKNQ4Y1PFS5QFIQMGSM54AVCBQWJVC?xml=/opinion/2004/07/16/do1602.xml&secureRefresh=true&_requestid=89732 (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (Daily Mail, UK) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (The Times, UK) (The New York Times) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (The Wall Street Journal) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (National Center for Policy Analysis) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (Daily Mail, UK) (National Post, Canada) (Executive Intelligence Review)

Bats: (The Washington Post) (International Herald Tribune) (Science Daily)

Birds: (Video) (30sec) (The Heartland Institute, March 1, 2004) (The Daily Telegraph, UK, August 1, 2004) (USA Today, January 4, 2005) (BBC, June 23, 2006) (The Daily Telegraph, UK, June 27, 2007) (BBC, July 10, 2007) (UPI, November 12, 2007) (The Daily Telegraph, UK, January 6, 2008) (BBC, February 19, 2008) (USA Today, February 28, 2008) (The Heartland Institute, March 1, 2008) (The Modesto Bee, August 21, 2008) (Energy Tribune, September 11, 2009) (USA Today, September 22, 2009) (L.A. Times, November 2, 2009) (American Bird Conservancy, February 8, 2011) (Daily Mail, UK, June 6, 2011) (Fox News, August 16, 2011) (The Washington Post, August 28, 2011) (American Bird Conservancy, October 28, 2011) (CBC News, February 21, 2012) (L.A. Times, April 2, 2011) (Save the Eagles International, April 16, 2012) (Mercury News, April 22, 2012)

Denmark: (U.S. News & World Report) (Financial Post, Canada)

"Denmark, the world’s most wind-intensive nation, with more than 6,000 turbines generating 19% of its electricity, has yet to close a single fossil-fuel plant. It requires 50% more coal-generated electricity to cover wind power’s unpredictability, and pollution and carbon dioxide emissions have risen (by 36% in 2006 alone)." (Financial Post, Canada) (PDF) (CEPOS) (IER)

Environmental: (The New York Times, November 2, 2004) (MSNBC, November 12, 2008) (Fox News, April 30, 2012)

Eyesore: (ABC News) (Daily Mail, UK) (ABC News) (BBC)

Noise: (The Kansas City Star) (Fort Frances Times Online) (Brechin Advertiser, UK) (The New York Times) (CTV) (Yorkshire Post, UK) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (Reuters) (Nina Pierpont, Ph.D. Population Biology, M.D. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine) (The Daily Telegraph, UK) (TreeHugger)

Radar: (BBC) (BBC) (The Times, UK) (BBC) (The Times, UK) (The Press Association) (USA Today)

Unsafe: (The New York Times) (Video Close-up ) (Video Wide-angle)
- (The Jutland Post, Denmark) (The Oregonian) (West Morning News, UK) (BBC) (Berwickshire News) (Globe Gazette) (BBC) (BBC) (The Guardian) (off-grid) (Habitat21) (The Times, UK),10117,18116441-1246,00.html ( (West Virginia Firefighters) (The Oklahoman) (Video) (Video)

Weather: (Daily Mail, UK, January 7, 2008) (The Daily Telegraph, UK, January 9, 2009) (The Daily Telegraph, UK, January 11, 2010) (Saint Paul Pioneer Press, January 14, 2010) (Yorkshire Post, UK, February 10, 2010) (This is Cornwall, February 12, 2010) (Energy Tribune, January 14, 2011) (New Brunswick Telegraph Journal, February 15, 2011)

Reports: (PDF) (The Royal Academy of Engineering)

Videos: (Video) (2min) (Video) (10min) (Video) (9min) (Video) (5min) (John Stossel, 20/20)

Posted by: Andrew Jul 4 2009, 12:34 AM
New Jersey:

- 51% Nuclear, 29% Natural Gas, 16% Coal, 1.3% Renewables and 0.7% Petroleum (

- The Atlantic City Wind Farm received a $1.7 Million tax payer funded grant from the NJ BPU (

Q. Why should I pay extra?
A. Wind energy costs more to produce than conventional energy.

Q. Will my current electricity bill be affected by my New Jersey Wind purchase?
A. Yes, by signing up for this product, your electric bill will increase.

United States of America: (IER) (IER) (IER)


Posted by: Andrew Feb 23 2012, 10:48 PM
Obama: (National Review Online, February 22, 2012) (RealClearEnergy, February 23, 2012) (The Heritage Foundation, February 23, 2012)

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